Léon Marillier and Veridical Hallucinations


Carlos S. Alvarado, PhD, Research Fellow, Parapsychology Foundation

Pascal Le Maléfan and Andreas Sommer recently published an article about veridical hallucinations in France: “Léon Marillier and the Veridical Hallucination in Late-Nineteenth- and Early-Twentieth-Century French Psychology and Psychopathology” (History of Psychiatry, 2015, 26, 418-432).

Pas cal Le Malefan Pascal Le Maléfan

Andreas Sommer 7 Andreas Sommer

Here is the abstract:

“Recent research on the professionalization of psychology at the end of the nineteenth century shows how objects of knowledge which appear illegitimate to us today shaped the institutionalization of disciplines. The veridical or telepathic hallucination was one of these objects, constituting a field both of division and exchange between nascent psychology and disciplines known as ‘psychic sciences’ in France, and ‘psychical research’ in the Anglo-American context. In France, Leon Marillier (1862–1901) was the main protagonist in discussions concerning the concept of the veridical hallucination, which gave rise to criticisms by mental specialists and psychopathologists…

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The Autistic Me: A BBC Documentary

Is anyone else watching this?

Understanding and Embracing Diversity

Below are Youtube links to a fascinating documentary which featured the daily lives of three men who have Autism. I am sharing this because it highlights how different individuals with Autism are to one another. It also shows how challenging life can be if you or one of your family members have Autism.

What is it like to grow up with Autism? How hard could the transition to adulthood be? Is it easy to find a job? What about finding a girlfriend? If you want to find out, watch the clips below:

REMEMBER: It is important to know what it is like to live with Autism in order for us to understand them better. Knowing more about this condition will help us build better relationships, and communicate and work with them effectively.







More on Autism:

He flaps his…

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Beyond Belief may be published

My doctoral thesis is being considered for publishing under the title Beyond Belief, and I am offering an open invitation to my peer group for someone to write a review. The target readership is comprised of mental health professionals and students of psychiatry, religious studies and related subjects. Any one who may be interested in having a read or in writing a review should go to:


and leave a comment that you are accessing the manuscripts.

Thank you


I am just testing this option that I have only just discovered.

The Weiler Psi


The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.  

-Carl Sandburg-

The news that should have rocked the world, that eventually will completely upend the scientific world and cause a radical rethinking of theory in a variety of  sciences  ranging from physics to biology to psychology, arrived . . . on little cat feet.  The announcement, as is typical of the scientific community, came out in December of 2010, with little fanfare in the form of an abstract of a scientific paper with an unwieldy title:  Extrasensory Perception and QuantumModels of Cognition.   It reads:

Today, using modern experimental methods and meta‐analytical techniques, a persuasive case can be made that, neuroscience assumptions notwithstanding, ESP does exist. We justify this conclusion through discussion of one class of homogeneous experiments reported in 108 publications and…

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